World History - Demo
The following is a sampling of questions from our World History testbank.
Examine the sources below before answering questions # 1 to 6.
There were essentially three forces which occurred during the French Revolution. The first force was a change in how people viewed themselves. Prior to the French Revolution, citizens identified themselves with their religious beliefs and the city or town they came from. If one was asked where they came from, they were more like to identify themselves as being a "Catholic Parisian" than an individual from France. During the French Revolution this changed and people started seeing themselves in an entirely different manner.
A second change which occurred during the French Revolution was a shift politically. Prior to the French Revolution there was a belief that the only form of government was one where there was one leader, who inherited the throne along genetic lines. The leader had the capacity to whatever he or she wanted, without any restrictions or limits placed on their power. The role of the individual in this situation was one of blind submission to the state. During the French Revolution, however, philosophers began introducing the idea that government should become accountable to the people and towards this end, the political system and economic system should both attempt to provide the individual with as much freedom as possible. Indeed, it was theorized that citizens should have the right to forcefully overthrow their government if it was not responsive to their wishes.
The third force which developed was a belief that the privileges of class should disappear and every citizen should have the same rights and freedoms both politically and economically. The ideas of "every man been treated equally before the law", and each citizen being asssessed taxes in the same manner, developed at this time.
Examine the passage below before answering questions # 7 to 9.
One never challenged the decision of the monarch because it was believed that to do so was akin to questioning God himself. It was believed that the leader was placed in power by God, and therefore he should be able to rule unchallenged.
As God's powers were unlimited, it was argued that there should be no restrictions or limits placed on the monarch's powers, they should be able to make whatever decisions, in any area, they saw fit.
It was also argued that the leader was accountable to God himself and therefore he would base his decisions on what was good for the state, and not make decisions based upon personal benefit or preference.
Industialization And Ideologies
Examine the passage below before answering questions # 6 to 9.
As part of the movement towards creating purebreed livestock, there was a need to separate cattle and other livestock, and fencing of property became a necessity. This took place through the passage of a series of laws which insisted upon each piece of property being fenced in Great Britain. This movement, however, changed the manner in which agriculture was conducted in Britain. Farms became larger, people consolidated their landholdings rather than have them spread out and the remaining larger farmers were forced to experiment to increase their efficiency and crop yields.
One successful experiment attempted by a gentleman farmer was to use legumes, nitrogen fixing plants like beans and alfalfa, to enrich the soil rather than to leave half of one's land in summer fallow. Needless to say, this innovation was quickly picked up by other farmers thereby increasing agricultural productivity throughout Great Britain.
Another early success was the creation of a seed drill. Prior to its invention, men used to seed their land by hand, spreading the seed in an uneven manner leaving areas which didn't receive any seed at all while other areas were over seeded. This invention improved upon productivity significantly by insuring that seed was evenly distributed.
World War I
Examine the passage below before answering questions # 37 to 44.
The nations of Europe had different goals and objectives during the period 1880-1914, the period preceding WWI. These differing goals placed many of these nations on a path towards conflict.
Nation A was hoping to not get involved in the affairs of other nations. This country was hoping to stay in its "splendid isolation", wanting to take care of its colonial empire without interference. Unfortunately, for this nation, another nation attempted to get them into a naval armament race competing for naval supremacy. Also, this nation was experiencing some conflicts with other nations contesting their right to some of their colonies.
Nation B was primarily concerned with territory lost in an earlier war. While it was involved in other territorial disputes with other nations over Egypt and Tunis in North Africa, its primary concern during the 1880 to 1914 period was to secure an alliance against the nation which took the aforementioned territories in a hope that if war came they would have both the protection they would need against this enemy as well as the possible opportunity to regain this lost territory.
Nation C was actively involved in an attempt to secure alliances which would prevent against it having to fight a two sided war. This nation also wanted to isolate another nation, preventing it from joining a strong alliance with other states, that they had taken territory from in an earlier war. This nation was most actively involved in an arms race, spending more money than any other nation in Europe at this time to prepare itself for war.
Nation D was a state interested in gaining a sphere of influence over the Balkan region. Towards this end this nation attempted to stir the nationalist movement in the Balkan region against the Ottoman Empire in a hope of extending their influence over the region. This nation had a competitor in their attempt to gain control over the Balkans. This competitor followed the same policy stating that they were the "liberator of the Slavs".
Nation E was a nation which was attempting to increase their colonial holdings. This nation had fewer colonies than the other key nations in Europe. Towards this end this nation wished to gain control of a port city and a nearby region in the Balkans. They argued that a large number of people living in this region were of the same heritage as the people of Nation E, therefore it was natural for them to become part of Nation E. They referred to this as forming an "Irredenta".
Interwar Period and WWI
Examine the statements below before answering questions # 1 to 5.
Article 42. "Germany is forbidden to maintain or construct and fortification (in this region)".
Article 45. "As compensation for the destruction of the calamities in the north of France and as part payment towards the total reparation due from Germany for the damage resulting from the war, Germany cedes to France in full and absolute possession, with exclusive rights of any kind, the coal mines situated in (this region."
Article 49. "Germany renounces in favour of the League of Nations, in the capacity of trustee, the government of the territory defined above."
Article 51 (Preface) "The High Contracting Parties, recognized the moral obligations to redress the wrong done by Germany in 1871 both to the rights of France and to the wishes of the population (of these regions)".
Article 231. "Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage with the Allied Governments and their nationals have been subjected to as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies".
Examine the source below before answering questions # 50 to 53.
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