Social Studies 30 - Demo
The Social 30 test bank contains 400 questions.
Examine the passage below before answering questions # 5 to 9.
There is a need to maintain order and control in society to insure that chaos does not occur. In order to protect members within the group from each other, as well as protect your nation from other states, there is a need to establish and maintain clear rules of conduct and to police any violations of either domestic or international law. This means that personal liberty must be restricted for the general good of all members of society. Without such safeguards in place, society will cease to function.
In other areas, however, it is clear that the state should have a very limited role. State involvement, beyond protecting property and person, will ultimately result in people being less productive, innovative and efficient. The state should restrict itself to the minimalist role of protecting property rights to insure that the benefits of personal incentive are not eroded.
Examine the continuum below before answering questions # 19 to 22.
Examine the passages below before answering questions # 30 to 39.
"Democracy means the organization of society for the benefit and at the expense of everybody indiscriminately and not for the benefit of a privileged class. A nearly desperate difficulty in the way of its realization is the delusion that the method of securing it is to give votes to everybody, which is the one certain method of killing it. It takes all sorts to make a world; and to maintain civilization some of these sorts have to be killed like mad dogs whilst others have to be put in command of the state. "Until the differences between the mad dogs and reasoned voters is determined, "any attempt at democracy will defeat itself as it has already done."
-George Bernard Shaw
"The aim of government should be the greatest possible happiness of the greatest number, in a word, the common good, is the right aim of government and the proper task of a lawmaker is to discover regulations designed to bring about the greatest good for the greatest number of people".
"Every citizen, it is said, must have equality, and therefore in a democracy the poor must have more power than the rich, because there are more of them, and the will of the majority is supreme."
"Democracy is a charming form of government, full of variety and disorder, dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike."
"Government, without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce or a tragedy; or perhaps both. Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who govern ignorance, and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives"
Examine the sources below before answering questions # 69 to 73.
Nation A Election Results
Nation B Election Results
Examine the passage below before answering questions # 99 to 105.
If the business cycle saw the free flow of dollars from consumers to producers as they exchanged the productive services for finished goods and services, there would be no need for government interference in a market economy. Unfortunately, however, it is possible to have dollars flow in or out of the business cycle, thereby creating problems which might not be corrected by supply and demand for a lengthy period of time without government intervention.
Government, however, must only intervene during times of extreme economic crisis whether that crisis be a result of an overheated economy or an economy experiencing a severe downturn. Both of these situations are a result of supply and demand being knocked out of balance due to a change in the number of dollars found in the economic cycle. Excessive savings or excessive credit both create problems for the economy. Where problems occur the government must apply the appropriate fiscal and monetary remedies to push the economy back into the right direction. Governments through monetary and fiscal adjustments can speed up, or cool off an economy, by encouraging or discouraging savings.
Nations should be able to stimulate an economy during recessionary times, but should still be able to have balanced budgets over the long term. Most Western states have followed this policy since the Depression, but have not balanced their budgets over the last two decades.
Examine the passage below before answering questions # 127 to 129.
In Germany, the economy was controlled through an organization which gave the appearance of giving people control over their own destiny, but rather was really a mechanism by which the state could become the final arbiter between producer and worker. The state, through this organization, was able to secure its control over the economy. These organization had all members of a given industry, both producers and labour, supposedly decide what the industry would produce and do. In reality, however, the state gained control over these organization by having party members form the executives. Through the collective control of each of these organization's executives, the state was able to regulate the economy.
Examine the statements below before answering questions # 201 and 205.
"Germany is forbidden to maintain or construct and fortification (in this region)".
"As compensation for the destruction of the calamities in the north of France and as part payment towards the total reparation due from Germany for the damage resulting from the war, Germany cedes to France in full and absolute possession, with exclusive rights of any kind, the coal mines situated in (this region)".
"Germany renounces in favour of the League of Nations, in the capacity of trustee, the government of the territory defined above."
Article 51 (Preface).
"The High Contracting Parties, recognized the moral obligations to redress the wrong done by Germany in 1871 both to the rights of France and to the wishes of the population (of these regions)."
"Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage with the Allied Governments and their nationals have been subjected to as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies".
Examine the source below before answering questions # 250 to 253.
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