Social Studies 30 - Demo

The Social 30 test bank contains 400 questions.

Examine the passage below before answering questions # 5 to 9.

There is a need to maintain order and control in society to insure that chaos does not occur. In order to protect members within the group from each other, as well as protect your nation from other states, there is a need to establish and maintain clear rules of conduct and to police any violations of either domestic or international law. This means that personal liberty must be restricted for the general good of all members of society. Without such safeguards in place, society will cease to function.

In other areas, however, it is clear that the state should have a very limited role. State involvement, beyond protecting property and person, will ultimately result in people being less productive, innovative and efficient. The state should restrict itself to the minimalist role of protecting property rights to insure that the benefits of personal incentive are not eroded.

5.
The first paragraph PRIMARILY details:
  1. a rationale for the creation of economic system.
  2. a rationale for the creation of a political system.
  3. the need for nations to balance personal liberty and the personal good.
  4. the need for individualism to take precedence over the collective good.
9.
If one wished to study ideological views similar to the ones expressed in the two paragraphs, they would study the work of:
  1. Jeremy Benthim and Montesquieu
  2. John Locke and Adam Smith
  3. Thomas Hobbes and Adam Smith
  4. Rousseau and John Stuart Mills

Examine the continuum below before answering questions # 19 to 22.

19.
The ideology whose goal is to achieve economic equality, by using force to introduce public ownership, is represented on the continuum by the letter:
  1. A
  2. B
  3. D
  4. E
22.
The federal Canadian political party found furthest left on the continuum would be the:
  1. Progressive Conservative Party
  2. Liberal Party
  3. New Democrats
  4. Reform Party

Examine the passages below before answering questions # 30 to 39.

Source One

"Democracy means the organization of society for the benefit and at the expense of everybody indiscriminately and not for the benefit of a privileged class. A nearly desperate difficulty in the way of its realization is the delusion that the method of securing it is to give votes to everybody, which is the one certain method of killing it. It takes all sorts to make a world; and to maintain civilization some of these sorts have to be killed like mad dogs whilst others have to be put in command of the state. "Until the differences between the mad dogs and reasoned voters is determined, "any attempt at democracy will defeat itself as it has already done."

-George Bernard Shaw

Source Two

"The aim of government should be the greatest possible happiness of the greatest number, in a word, the common good, is the right aim of government and the proper task of a lawmaker is to discover regulations designed to bring about the greatest good for the greatest number of people".

Source Three

"Every citizen, it is said, must have equality, and therefore in a democracy the poor must have more power than the rich, because there are more of them, and the will of the majority is supreme."

-Aristotle

Source Four

"Democracy is a charming form of government, full of variety and disorder, dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike."

-Plato

Source Five

"Government, without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce or a tragedy; or perhaps both. Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who govern ignorance, and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives"

-James Madison

30.
The two sources which take opposing views as to the desirability of universal suffrage are:
  1. Sources I and II
  2. Sources I and IV
  3. Sources II and III
  4. Sources III and IV
35.
The concept of "providing the greatest good for the greatest number of human beings", as capsulated by the author was referred to as:
  1. "the social contract"
  2. "responsible government"
  3. "rational empiricism"
  4. "utilitarianism"
36.
Which democratic feature is being detailed in Source Two?
  1. representation by population
  2. caucus solidarity
  3. majority rule
  4. instrumental theory of the state
37.
Aristotle in Source Three defines which of the following?
  1. Representative Democracy
  2. Parliamentary Democracy
  3. Constitutional Democracy
  4. Direct Democracy
38.
The type of democracy described in Source Three came closest to being realized in:
  1. the United States at the time of Thomas Jefferson's Declaration.
  2. France at the time of the French Revolution.
  3. Ancient Athens during Pericle's time.
  4. Britain when the passage of the Magna Carta Act was enacted.

Examine the sources below before answering questions # 69 to 73.

Nation A Election Results

Nation B Election Results

69.
The election results for nations A and B, in that respective order, yielded:
  1. a majority government for Parties A and B.
  2. a majority government for Party A and a minority government for Party B
  3. a minority government for party A and party B.
  4. coalition governments in both nations.
72.
The electoral system used by Nation B is similar to the electoral system found in:
  1. Canada
  2. Sweden
  3. United States
  4. Britain
73.
The electoral system found in Nation B:
  1. strongly rewards the winning party with a disproportionate number of seats than its popular vote would warrant.
  2. strongly penalizes the smaller parties with a disproportionate number of seats than its popular vote would warrant.
  3. strongly rewards parties that have concentrated regional popularity with a disproportionate number of seats than its popular vote would warrant.
  4. has a close correlation between the number of seats gained and the popular vote earned.
74.
The democratic concept of having multi-party elections is primarily restricted to two parties in:
  1. Sweden
  2. Canada
  3. United States
  4. Italy

Examine the passage below before answering questions # 99 to 105.

If the business cycle saw the free flow of dollars from consumers to producers as they exchanged the productive services for finished goods and services, there would be no need for government interference in a market economy. Unfortunately, however, it is possible to have dollars flow in or out of the business cycle, thereby creating problems which might not be corrected by supply and demand for a lengthy period of time without government intervention.

Government, however, must only intervene during times of extreme economic crisis whether that crisis be a result of an overheated economy or an economy experiencing a severe downturn. Both of these situations are a result of supply and demand being knocked out of balance due to a change in the number of dollars found in the economic cycle. Excessive savings or excessive credit both create problems for the economy. Where problems occur the government must apply the appropriate fiscal and monetary remedies to push the economy back into the right direction. Governments through monetary and fiscal adjustments can speed up, or cool off an economy, by encouraging or discouraging savings.

Nations should be able to stimulate an economy during recessionary times, but should still be able to have balanced budgets over the long term. Most Western states have followed this policy since the Depression, but have not balanced their budgets over the last two decades.

99.
The ideas detailed above are those of:
  1. John Stuart Mills
  2. Kenneth Galbraith
  3. Milton Friedman
  4. John Maynard Keynes
104.
The author would have been disappointed that the Western World have not achieved balanced states. Which action undertaken by Western states would have disappointed the author, as they created long term deficits?
  1. They didn't discontinue their public works and spending during inflationary times.
  2. They didn't discontinue their public works and spending during inflationary times.
  3. They increased interest rates and discouraged investment during inflationary times thereby reducing the taxes collected.
  4. They increased the bank reserve ratios and discouraged investment during inflationary times thereby reducing the taxes collected.
105.
Which of the following terms BEST describe the type of economics proposed in the passage?
  1. Demand Side Economics
  2. Supply Side Economics
  3. Mercantilism
  4. American Capitalism

Examine the passage below before answering questions # 127 to 129.

In Germany, the economy was controlled through an organization which gave the appearance of giving people control over their own destiny, but rather was really a mechanism by which the state could become the final arbiter between producer and worker. The state, through this organization, was able to secure its control over the economy. These organization had all members of a given industry, both producers and labour, supposedly decide what the industry would produce and do. In reality, however, the state gained control over these organization by having party members form the executives. Through the collective control of each of these organization's executives, the state was able to regulate the economy.

127.
In Hitler's Germany, the economic organization or mechanism detailed was the:
  1. "syndicate"
  2. "Zollverein"
  3. "corporation"
  4. "Kulturkampf"
129.
Which of the following organizations was found in the U.S.S.R. to achieve the same goal?
  1. Gosplan
  2. Comintern
  3. Cominform
  4. Politburo

Examine the statements below before answering questions # 201 and 205.

Article 42.

"Germany is forbidden to maintain or construct and fortification (in this region)".

Article 45.

"As compensation for the destruction of the calamities in the north of France and as part payment towards the total reparation due from Germany for the damage resulting from the war, Germany cedes to France in full and absolute possession, with exclusive rights of any kind, the coal mines situated in (this region)".

Article 49.

"Germany renounces in favour of the League of Nations, in the capacity of trustee, the government of the territory defined above."

Article 51 (Preface).

"The High Contracting Parties, recognized the moral obligations to redress the wrong done by Germany in 1871 both to the rights of France and to the wishes of the population (of these regions)."

Article 231.

"Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage with the Allied Governments and their nationals have been subjected to as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies".

201.
The regions described in Article 42 and Article 45 respectively were:
  1. Saar Valley and Alsace-Lorraine
  2. East Prussia and Polish Corridor
  3. Rhineland and Saar Valley
  4. Rhineland and Alsace-Lorraine
202.
Article 49 doesn't describe the territory involved. Which territories were treated in this manner?
  1. Germany's colonies
  2. Alsace and Lorraine
  3. West Prussia and Posen
  4. Rhineland and Saar Valley
203.
Article 51 discusses which territories?
  1. Saar Valley and Rhineland
  2. West Prussia and Posen
  3. Alsace and Lorraine
  4. Algeria and Trieste

Examine the source below before answering questions # 250 to 253.

250.
Which of the following are placed in the correct chronological order?
  1. S, T, R, U
  2. S, T, U, R
  3. T, R, U, S
  4. T, R, S, U
253.
The practice of "anschluss" is MOST closely associated with:
  1. T
  2. V
  3. W
  4. Y
254.
The "Co-Prosperity Sphere" is most closly associated with the imperialist and expansionist practices of:
  1. Germany
  2. Italy
  3. Japan
  4. Turkey




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