Political And Economic Systems - Demo

The following is a sampling of questions from our Political And Economic Systems testbank.



French Revolution

Examine the continuum below before answering questions # 19 to 22.

19. The ideology whose goal is to achieve economic equality, by using force to introduce public ownership, is represented on the continuum by the letter:
  1. A
  2. B
  3. D
  4. E
21. The federal Canadian political party found furthest right on the continuum would be the:
  1. Progressive Conservative Party
  2. Liberal Party
  3. New Democrats
  4. Reform Party
22. The federal Canadian political party found furthest left on the continuum would be the:
  1. Progressive Conservative Party
  2. Liberal Party
  3. New Democrats
  4. Reform Party

Examine the passages below before answering questions # 30 to 39.

Source One

"Democracy means the organization of society for the benefit and at the expense of everybody indiscriminately and not for the benefit of a privileged class. A nearly desperate difficulty in the way of its realization is the delusion that the method of securing it is to give votes to everybody, which is the one certain method of killing it. It takes all sorts to make a world; and to maintain civilization some of these sorts have to be killed like mad dogs whilst others have to be put in command of the state. "Until the differences between the mad dogs and reasoned voters is determined, "any attempt at democracy will defeat itself as it has already done."

-George Bernard Shaw

Source Two

"The aim of government should be the greatest possible happiness of the greatest number, in a word, the common good, is the right aim of government and the proper task of a lawmaker is to discover regulations designed to bring about the greatest good for the greatest number of people"

Source Three

"Every citizen, it is said, must have equality, and therefore in a democracy the poor must have more power than the rich, because there are more of them, and the will of the majority is supreme."

-Aristotle

Source Four

"Democracy is a charming form of government, full of variety and disorder, dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike."

-Plato

Source Five

"Government, without popular information or the means of acquiring it, is but a prologue to a farce or a tragedy; or perhaps both. Knowledge will forever govern ignorance; and a people who govern ignorance, and a people who mean to be their own governors must arm themselves with the power which knowledge gives"

-James Madison

30. The two sources which take opposing views as to the desirability ofuniversal suffrage are:
  1. Sources I and II
  2. Sources I and IV
  3. Sources II and III
  4. Sources III and IV
32. George Bernard Shaw appears to be advocating:
  1. the need for scientific suffrage.
  2. the benefits of having an aristocracy.
  3. the desirability of practising autocracy
  4. the need to practice rule of law.
37. Aristotle in Source Three defines which of the following?
  1. Representative Democracy
  2. Parliamentary Democracy
  3. Constitutional Democracy
  4. Direct Democracy

Political & Economics Systems File II

Examine the statements below before answering questions # 64 to 67.

  1. All candidates are members of the Communist Party.
  2. The elected house meets on an ongoing basis to avoid them simply rubber stamping the policies of the executive.
  3. Citizens are provided a secret ballot, they vote in booths where they can record their vote in privacy and it can not be determined who they voted for.
  4. The chief executive is selected or voted in by the elected house as a whole.
  5. The chief executive is largely responsible for setting policy and determining the direction the Soviet government is moving into.
64. Which of the statements listed above could be applied to BOTH traditional communism and the current practice in Russia today?
  1. I and IV
  2. I and V
  3. II and III
  4. II and V
65. The majority of the statements represent reforms undertaken by the former USSR to their current political system. Which term defined, and which individual initiated, these reforms?
  1. perestroika as introduced by Yeltzin
  2. perestroika as introduced by Gorbachev
  3. glasnost as introduced by Yeltzin
  4. glasnost as introduced by Gorbachev
67. As reform has occurred, the elected body in the U.S.S.R. has undergone a name change. The old name and the current name for this institution is:
  1. Supreme Soviet, Central Committee
  2. Supreme Soviet, Congress of People's Deputies
  3. Congress of People's Deputies, Central Committee
  4. Central Committee, Congress of People's Deputies.

World Affairs Since WWII

Examine the passage below before answering questions # 27 and 28.

One problem the Soviet Union experienced during the Cold War was the appeal of materialism and the consumer culture of the West. This led to the Soviets attempting to suppress information about the West from their citizens. It also led to the Soviets having to limit the movement of their citizens, to avoid a mass emigration or exodus of its citizens to the West. Needless to say, this created much tension and conflict between the USSR and the West. Throughout this period, as part of the Cold War, the West detailed the human rights violations seen in the Soviet Union and emphasized the greater freedom practised in the West.

27. The second sentence BEST details the practice of:
  1. maintaining the "iron curtain".
  2. propaganda and indoctrination
  3. ideological warfare
  4. totalitarianism
28. The conflict which BEST characterizes the tension between East and West detailed in the passage was the:
  1. Vietnam War
  2. Hungarian Revolution
  3. Berlin Crisis
  4. Soviet attack of Afghanistan

Examine the source below before answering questions # 91 and 92.

  1. Israel - Is believed to have tested short-range nuclear capable missiles and are reportedly testing intermediate-range missiles.
  2. Pakistan - is reportedly in possession of A-bombs and has tested nuclear short range missiles.
  3. Iraq - reportedly were actively involved in developing a nuclear weapon when Israel destroyed the Osiraq reactor.
    - is still rumoured to be involved in the development of nuclear weapons with the U.N. attempting to finding evidence of this since the Gulf War.
  4. India - has tested both short range and intermediate range missiles.
91. The events detailed above demonstrate non-compliance with the:
  1. Helzinki Accord
  2. Non-Proliferation Treaty
  3. Partial Test Ban Treaty
  4. START Treaty
92. The two nations above whose long-term enmity, as evidence by wars between the two in 1948 and 1965, potentially increase the danger of nuclear weapons being used are nations:
  1. I and III
  2. I and IV
  3. II and III
  4. II and IV

World Population And Development

Examine the passage below before answering questions # 12 to 14.

Third World states have complained in recent years that as the recession deepened, the Western World has increased their tariff wall and introduced quotas against them. This, in turn, has only served to place these nations in an even more desperate position, thereby increasing the gap between rich and poor.

In Canada a organization, the North-South Institute, was established to study and promote Canada's relations with developing nations. This group has put forward the argument that it is actually in Canada's best interest to cultivate Third World markets. The Conference Board of Canada, for example, in 1988 estimated that 135,000 Canadians lost their jobs due to the inability of Third World states to purchase Canadian goods.

It is argued that Canada needs to cultivate future markets in the Third World to offset the loss of our traditional markets. It is argued that we have lost two large markets. First, due to the movement towards an integration of economies of Western Europe, these states have limited the purchases they previously would have made from Canada. Second, with the end of the Cold War, in an attempt to show good faith, this former American rival has begun purchasing goods from the United States, rather from Canada.

It is also argued that Canada needs to cultivate markets elsewhere because of the amount of trade we conduct with the U.S.. It is estimated that up to 80% of our exports are sold to the United States, thereby creating a need for us to diversify our market.

Finally, it is argued that the Third World will be the key market of the future. If Canada begins establishing better relations with the developing world as they become developed, we will reap the economic benefits of this relationship established once these nations begin purchasing consumer goods. Currently approximately 80% of the world's population are found in the developing world, this part of the world represents the future market given the shortage of consumer goods currently found there coupled with the sheer size of the market. Further, the Third World market is growing rapidly; nine out of every ten children born each year are born in the Third World.

12. The North-South Institute is appropriately named because its name reflects:
  1. the polarization and disparity in wealth which exists on the planet.
  2. the geographic division generally found between developed and developing state.
  3. the diversity of states through a metaphor representing how different nations can be economically and politically.
  4. the diversity of political alignments divided on the globe in this manner.
13. The reading suggests that during difficult economic times, states tend to implement:
  1. monetary and fiscal adjustments to the business cycle.
  2. policies which attempt to restrict both their imports and exports.
  3. protectionist economic policies in their trade relations.
  4. policies which encourage free market forces to regulate trade.
14. The argument given in the passage, in support of Canada becoming more involved in trade with the developing world, is PRIMARILY based upon:
  1. increasing Canadian prestige in the World Community.
  2. increasing Canada's competitive position on the globe.
  3. our recognition of increasing economic interdependence.
  4. our altruistic concerns to promote economic growth elsewhere.

Examine the statistics below to answer questions # 40 and 41.

40. The chart most clearly establishes a correlation between:
  1. economic development and population size.
  2. population size and life expectancy.
  3. economic development and life expectancy
  4. warfare and life expectancy.
41. One can ascertain from the chart that the nations of Peru, Nepal and India have:
  1. a high natality rate and high mortality rate.
  2. a low natality rate and low mortality rate.
  3. a high mortality rate only.
  4. a low mortality rate only.




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Last modified: April 14, 1999
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